"1 in 9 Singaporeans has diabetes; problem very serious" ~ PM Lee
This is no longer a secret. It has been addressed during Singapore's national rally and printed all over our national paper. An average of about 1,200 diabetics undergoes amputations every year, a staggering number.
What is Diabetes
Diabetes is an illness in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, sugar, and fats, causing elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
It’s important to note that there’s a difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Here’s an explanation of the two types of diabetes and what causes these conditions:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks the pancreas, an insulin-producing organ. Type 1 diabetes has the tendency to develop at a younger age, typically before 20 years of age. Foods such as wheat and cow’s milk have been linked to diabetes because of its proteins which can cause inflammation within the body, a cause of developing an autoimmune disease.
Type 1 diabetes is rarely reversible. However, it can be managed with the right dietary changes. Hence, reducing dependency on medications or insulin injections
Type 2 Diabetes
The most common form of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes. This is caused by insulin resistance; The body not responding appropriately to the hormone insulin that is being released into the system. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that’s caused by constant high blood sugar, a burn out of insulin receptor sites after the body tries to produce more insulin over a period of time. Diabetes can potentially affect nearly all the system in the body. This impacts energy level, digestion, weight, sleep, vision and many more.
Lifestyle is the main underlying cause of type 2 diabetes. These factors include:
- Poor diet
- Inflammation / leaky gut
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High levels of stress
- Family history of diabetes
- High blood pressure
- History of heart disease
- Hormonal condition such as hyperthyroidism, PCOS etc
- Certain medications (like those that disrupt insulin production)
Thankfully, there are ways to reverse the risk of diabetes naturally. It starts with diet. Afterall, you are what you eat. Are you ready to make the change?